Word Study on Partiality Gk #4382

The English word “partiality” from the Greek term προσωπολημψία refers to unjust favoritism based on external appearances or circumstances. God does not judge humankind on the basis of such externals. These include religious or ethnic heritage (Rom 2:11), social status (Eph 6:9, Col 3:25), and wealth (Jas 2:1). God judges the condition of the human heart according to His perfect standard of holiness, by which every human falls far short of God’s standard (c.f., Rom 3:23). Discriminatory treatment toward others on the basis of external circumstances is out of step with the character of God. God creates every person with unique physical traits, natural abilities, and spiritual gifts; as such, every believer’s role within their local church will vary according to the spiritual call God has placed upon each individual’s life (Eph 2:10) and that person’s willingness to pursue such a call as evidenced by a pattern of growth toward Christian maturity (e.g., Heb 5:12-14). However, it is clear that, for Christians, any distinctions between persons should never be based on external circumstances, but only according to God’s gifting and the individual’s willingness to surrender to God’s will for their lives.

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Word Study on Partiality Gk #4382

Word Study on Wrath Gk #3709

In the New Testament, the English word “wrath” from the Greek term ὀργήν may originate with humans or God. Human wrath is vengeful and always denounced. God’s wrath, however, is always God’s just response against sinfulness. God’s wrath is both present and future—present in that it rests on those who have not believed in Christ (e.g., John 3:36), and future as a promise for those who die in their unbelief (e.g., Rom 2:5). Of the two Greek terms for wrath, ὀργήν at times suggests the premeditated intent of the heart, but not always. Regardless, Christians should not conduct their lives in patterns of wrath against others, but rather, seek peace, even with their enemies, praying for their persecutors (Matt 5:44) and leaving all forms of righteous vengeance to God (Rom 12:17-19).

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Word Study on Wrath Gk #3709

Word Study on Perfect Gk #5046

The English word “patience” from the Greek term τέλειος has the idea of fullness of completeness. Something that is τέλειος is fully accomplished and lacks nothing. Old Testament sacrifices were without blemish. Old Testament saints were blameless. However, God is the standard of τέλειος. Christians are to look to Christ as our example of full spiritual maturity. So, when the Bible uses the word τέλειος for Christians, it means being wholly surrendered—heart, mind, and strength—in every aspect of life to the guidance and power of the Holy Spirit. Thus, the Spirit transforms us by renewing our minds to discern God’s will (Rom 12:2) and continually leading us in living out the fullest expression of the law of liberty by conducting our lives in personal purity and sacrificial love toward others (Jas 1:25-27).

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Word Study on Perfect Gk #5046

Word Study on Patience Gk #5281

The English word “patience” from the Greek ὑπομονή has the idea of staying, remaining, or abiding under a burden or situation. It describes the Christian’s inner disposition to hold fast to faith through various trials. Patience is a necessary part of the fruit-bearing process in the Christian life (Luke 8:15). Its source and sustainer are God (Rom 8:25), beginning with a focus on God’s promise of eternal hope for the Christian (Rom 2:7), growing through trials (Rom 5:3-4), being evidence of the surety of the promise of eternal life (Heb 10:36), and manifesting as a habitual character trait of the maturing Christian (Jas 1:3-4, 2. Pet 1:5-7). Thus, patience strengthens the Christian’s faith, evidences their inner maturity, and produces spiritual fruit in their life for the Kingdom to the glory of God.

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Word Study on Patience Gk #5281