In my last post, I offered five evidences showing how the Bible teaches that Jesus was a human being. The humanity of Jesus is not really controversial, because it is accepted by most faith systems as well as secularism.
In this post, I want to offer evidences of how the Bible teaches that Jesus Christ is God the Son. The deity of Christ is a much more controversial issue. Even some groups who self-identify as Christian do not ascribe to the orthodox view that Jesus Christ is God.
But, as I’ve asserted before, the Bible should be permitted to speak for itself. And when read plainly, it teaches that Jesus Christ is God. He is God the Son, the second member of the triune God.
Here are five evidences that show how the Bible teaches that Jesus is God.
- Jesus had divine origins. While Jesus’ fetal development and growth into adulthood were typically human, his conception was not. The Scriptures claim that He was concieved in the womb of the virgin Mary through the power of the Holy Spirit, clearly evidencing his divine origins (Luke 1). Also, as the eternal Word, he exists eternally in fellowship with God (John 1).
- Jesus performed miracles. Over and over again the gospels portray Jesus as healing the sick, exorcizing demons, commanding non-human nature, and even reviving the deceased. No mere mortal can calm a storm with a rebuke (Matt 8), cast out a legion of demons (Mark 5), or revive a man deceased for four days (John 11). The Bible provides these as evidence that Jesus is God.
- Jesus claimed equality with God. Many people believe that the Bible never says Jesus claimed to be God. But Jesus identified himself as the Jewish Messiah (John 4), claimed oneness with the Father (John 10:30), and identified himself as the Son of God (Luke 22:70). In Judaism, these are claims of deity. Jesus, a Jewish rabbi, would have known this, yet he made such claims anyway, equating himself to God.
- Jesus ascribed to himself names of God. Jesus not only claimed equality with God, but claimed names of God for himself. Two well-known Jewish titles for the God of Israel are “I Am” (Ex 3:14) and “the First and the Last” (Isa 44:6). Jesus elevated himself above Abraham, claiming the title “I Am” (John 8:58). And having died and risen to life, he also claimed to be “the First and the Last” (Rev 1:17–18, 2:8).
- Jesus shared the essence of God. John 1:1 not only identifies the eternal Word as being with God, but also as having the nature of God. In the Greek, the anarthorous predicate nominative is not an indefinite noun (“a god”). It emphasizes the nature of the Word. Thus, the Word has the same nature as God. Colossians 1:19 and 2:9 echo this idea, stating that the fullness of the Godhead dwells in Jesus Christ.
Does this solve all of the interpretive difficulties involved with understanding the person of Jesus Christ? Certainly not. Perhaps the most important issue, reconciling two natures in the identity of one indivisible person, has not been answered (this will be addressed in an upcoming post).
But we need not solve every puzzle to observe what the Bible plainly teaches. When the Bible is allowed to speak for itself, it says that Jesus is God. He is God the Son, distinct from the Father and the Holy Spirit, but sharing the very same nature. And he exists co-equally and co-eternally as the second member of the Godhead.
 Daniel B. Wallace, Greek Grammar beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1996), 45.